Dr Ankita S
MBBS, MS, DNB OBGY
Prediabetes is a condition characterised by elevated blood sugar levels that are higher than usual but not yet high enough to be diagnosed as type 2 diabetes. Approximately 96 million American adults—more than 1 in 3—have prediabetes. Of those with prediabetes, more than 80% don’t know they have it. Prediabetes puts you at a risk for type 2 diabetes and heart disease.
Risk factors of prediabetes :
- Being 45 years or older
- Family history of type 2 diabetes
- Sedentary lifestyle
- Ever having gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy) or giving birth to a baby who weighed more than 4.1 Kgs
- Polycystic ovary syndrome
- Hypertension or history of cardiovascular diseases
Signs and symptoms :
How can you stop prediabetes to turn into diabetes:
The good news is that prediabetes can be reversed with lifestyle changes. By making conscious choices and adopting healthier habits, individuals diagnosed with prediabetes can effectively prevent its progression to full-blown diabetes. In this blog, we will explore some essential strategies to stop prediabetes in its tracks and regain control of your health.
- -Balanced Diet: Focus on consuming whole, unprocessed foods rich in fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Reduce the intake of refined sugars, processed foods, and unhealthy fats. Opt for complex carbohydrates found in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes, as they help regulate blood sugar levels. Embrace a portion-controlled eating pattern to avoid sudden spikes in blood glucose levels.
- -Regular Physical Activity: Engaging in physical activity helps improve insulin sensitivity, making it easier for your cells to absorb glucose from the bloodstream. Aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise, such as brisk walking, cycling, or swimming, each week.
- Additionally, strength training exercises twice a week can further enhance your body’s response to insulin.
- Losing excess weight is particularly beneficial for individuals with prediabetes can have a significant impact on blood sugar levels and reduce the risk of progressing to diabetes.
- -Monitor Blood Sugar Levels: Regular monitoring of blood sugar levels is crucial for managing prediabetes. It helps you understand how your lifestyle choices and habits are affecting your glucose levels.
-Pharmacotherapy: several groups of antidiabetic drugs and non-antidiabetic drugs and therapies and bariatric surgery have been studied for prediabetes.
- -Stress Management: Chronic stress can contribute to insulin resistance and exacerbate prediabetes. Incorporate stress-reduction techniques into your daily routine, such as meditation, deep breathing exercises, yoga, or spending time in nature.
- -Limit Alcohol Consumption and Quit Smoking: Excessive alcohol consumption can raise blood sugar levels, so it’s essential to limit your intake. Moreover, smoking is associated with insulin resistance and an increased risk of diabetes. If you smoke, take steps to quit this habit and seek support if needed.
- -Regular Health Check-ups: Stay proactive by scheduling regular check-ups with your healthcare provider. These visits will allow your doctor to monitor your blood sugar levels, provide guidance on your progress, and adjust your treatment plan if necessary. Early detection and intervention can make a significant difference in preventing diabetes.
To prevent the development of type 2 diabetes one needs to adopt a healthier lifestyle, including a balanced diet, regular physical activity, and stress management. You can effectively manage prediabetes and even reverse it. Remember that small, consistent changes in your daily routine can yield substantial long-term benefits. If you have prediabetes, take action today to build a healthier tomorrow and reduce the risk of diabetes-related complications. Always consult your healthcare provider for personalised guidance and support on your journey to better health.
2.Bansal, N. (2015). Prediabetes diagnosis and treatment: A review. World journal of diabetes, 6(2), 296.
3.Aroda, V. R., & Ratner, R. (2008). Approach to the patient with prediabetes. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 93(9), 3259-3265.
Frequently Asked Questions
Yes, having slightly uneven breasts is considered normal for many women and is generally not a cause for concern. It is more common than having perfectly symmetrical breasts.
In most cases, having uneven breasts does not affect breastfeeding. Both breasts can produce milk, and a baby can still latch onto both nipples. If you have concerns about breastfeeding, consulting a lactation consultant can be helpful.
In some cases, wearing a properly fitted bra or using breast inserts can help create the appearance of more symmetrical breasts. However, non-surgical methods may have limitations in correcting significant size differences.
While it may not be possible to prevent saggy breasts entirely, wearing a supportive bra, maintaining a healthy weight, avoiding smoking (which can decrease skin elasticity), and practising good posture can help minimise sagging.
While exercise can strengthen the chest muscles and improve overall breast appearance, it may not significantly lift saggy breasts. However, it is still beneficial for overall health and may improve the breasts' overall appearance.
Dr Ankita S
MBBS, MS, DNB OBGY